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American hornbeam

American hornbeam

American hornbeam

American hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana

American hornbeam, also known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, is a small, native tree that seldom exceeds 30 feet in height. Its fruit is a small, egg-shaped nut. Its main distinguishing characteristic is its smooth, blue-gray bark (similar to a beech) that often appears twisted or contoured like muscles. Though not seen often in landscape settings, this flood-tolerant tree is common in Delaware’s forests.

Hornbeam has flowers that appear along with the leaves around April. It produces a small egg-shaped nut eaten by forest rodents and birds. Hornbeams can be attractive ornamentals with beautiful fall color.

 

Location Points C.B.H. Height Crown
7320 Burnite Mill Rd., Felton 82 41 34 27
Hagley Museum, Wilmington 73 34 29 38